By Frederick H. Lowe
(TriceEdneyWire.com) – On Dec. 1, 1955, 61 years ago, Rosa Parks took a seat on a bus and rode into history. That was when Parks, a seamstress in Montgomery, Ala., refused to give up her seat on a bus to a White male passenger as Blacks had been ordered to do.
Police arrested her for violating a city ordinance, and a judge fined her $10 plus a court fee. E. D. Nixon, a Pullman porter and a civil rights leader, bailed her out of jail. Parks’ refusal and arrest sparked the 13-month Montgomery Bus Boycott in which Blacks walked or car pooled to work rather than riding the segregated city’s segregated buses. Blacks paid at the fare box at the front of bus. They then had to get off the bus and walk to the rear of the bus where they entered through the back door to find a seat.